THE PROSECCO DOC AREA
The Prosecco DOC area is on the plain, in an ideal environment for growing and harvesting. Thanks to the widely spaced rows of vines on large, flat expanses of land, it’s easy to use agricultural machinery. As a result, production can be carried out on a large scale, with very high yields of up to 18,000 kg per hectare.
THE CONEGLIANO-VALDOBBIADENE DOCG AREA
The Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco DOCG area is mainly in the hills, where only limited work is done with machines. The precious labour force performs a crucial role, carrying out an average of 450 hours of work per hectare a year, not including the harvest. The vineyards are tended and harvested entirely by hand. The average yield is 13,000 kg to 13,500 kg per hectare, but in some particularly well-suited areas it can be as low as 12,000 kg per hectare.
Prosecco Superiore of Conegliano Valdobbiadene Docg
The Conegliano Valdobbiadene DOCG Prosecco Superiore area contains a number of hills that are separated by various valleys with small streams and rivers flowing through them. With the Alpine foothills to the North providing shelter, it’s able to bask in the mild climate of the nearby Venetian Lagoon. Vines have been grown here since ancient times and it has a history of wine growing and producing stretching back to the 6th century.
Winemakers in the hills first started making monovarietal Prosecco in the late 1700s. It went on to earn various forms of recognition, including a DOC label as “Prosecco from the Conegliano Valdobbiadene Hills” in 1969. It was elevated to DOCG status in 2009. In 1966, Italy’s first Wine Route was created in this area.
Secondary fermentation in pressure tanks using the Charmat method gives Prosecco its trademark bubbles and brings out the best of the specific qualities of sparkling wine from the local area. The difference between the Brut, Extra Dry and Dry varieties lies in the residual sugar. The driest of the three is Brut, which presents fresh, fruity aromas with hints of citrus. The most traditional is Extra Dry, which combines aromatic qualities with a more delicate velvety touch. The Dry version has more residual sugar, making it more complex on the nose and giving it a fuller flavour.
"Rive" – The hallmark of Unique, Exceptional Quality
The prestigious “Rive” label has come to embody exclusive, superior quality in the wine world. It only appears on wines made with grapes that are all picked in the same area, which might be a whole municipality, a single hamlet or a specific plot of land. The pure, unique provenance really brings out the distinctive characteristics of the terroir.
As a winery that pursues excellence with the utmost dedication and devotion, Gemin is proud to have two exceptional Rive wines to its name.
Dry Millesimato "Madre Paola" is a creation that celebrates complexity and elegance. It pays tribute to refined tastes, presenting a rich, aromatic bouquet and a balanced structure that delights the palate.
Extra Brut "Pioniere" is an astonishing wine that fuses innovation and tradition. Vibrantly fresh and featuring delicate fruity notes, Extra Brut Pioniere authentically epitomizes the qualities of its unique environment.
govern aspects such as the designation of wines, the types of grapes used, the production areas, the rules for wine growing, , the wine-making process, the characteristics of products for consumers, labelling, packaging and connections with the geographical environment.
Only wine that meets the requirements of the regulations can be labelled DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita) “Conegliano Valdobbiadene – Prosecco Superiore”, “Conegliano – Prosecco Superiore” or “Valdobbiadene – Prosecco Superiore”. There are a number of types, including sparkling “Conegliano Valdobbiadene – Prosecco Superiore” and “Superiore di Cartizze”, which refers to a sparkling wine made in a specific subzone.
“Conegliano Valdobbiadene – Prosecco” wines must be made predominantly with Glera grapes. Up to 15% of the content can come from other approved varieties, which include Verdiso, Bianchetta Trevigiana, Perera and Glera Lunga.
The boundaries of the production area are marked by the towns of Valdobbiadene and Conegliano, both of which are in the Province of Treviso. The “Superiore di Cartizze” subzone has even more specific boundaries. It’s found in the most historic part of the Municipality of Valdobbiadene.
The regulations set out various requirements for the environmental and growing conditions, covering aspects such as plant density, training systems and pruning systems. Forcing is not permitted, while irrigation is allowed when necessary.
The wine growing processes must take place inside the production area or specific municipalities. All wine growing work must be done using fair, consistent methods that have been traditionally employed in the area. DOCG “Conegliano Valdobbiadene – Prosecco Superiore” sparkling wines can be sold in all of the forms permitted by the regulations in force.
Labelling is subject to precise rules covering aspects including the use of designations and other specific terms such as “Conegliano Valdobbiadene” and “Superiore di Cartizze”, as well as references to the vintage.
The wines must be presented in traditional local glass vessels and there are specific rules about the nominal volumes, shape and colour, as well as the types of stoppers that are permitted.
The document contains detailed descriptions of the specific features of the geographical zone, including natural and human factors, and sets out how they contribute to the unique characteristics of Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore.
Details are provided of the control body that is authorized to conduct annual inspections of compliance with the regulations.
Essentially, the regulations lay out strict, clear rules for every part of the Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore production process, from growing the grapes to making the wine, thus guaranteeing the quality and authenticity of the famous Italian product.
Spanning 15 municipalities, the Prosecco Superiore production area is the hub of the Valdobbiadene DOCG world. It has had an officially recognized designation ever since 1969. When the Prosecco designations were reorganized in 2009, its importance was underlined by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture’s decision to elevate Prosecco Superiore to DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita) status, which is the highest form of recognition for quality on the Italian wine scene.
In addition to DOCG Prosecco Superiore, it’s also possible to find DOCG Asolo and DOC Prosecco. The latter encompasses no fewer than nine provinces in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia.
The designations were created to protect and promote our wine growing heritage. They clearly distinguish between Valdobbiadene DOCG Prosecco Superiore and DOC Prosecco, thus guaranteeing the authenticity and quality of Valdobbiadene DOCG wines all over the world.
Join us as we explore the magic and traditions of this exceptional wine, which embodies the story and spirit of a unique region with its quintessential elegance and quality.